Loreto, where you will find gorgeous beaches, resorts, delicious gastronomy and wildlife adventures, also has history, like the Mission San Javier. San Javier village is a small village of approximately 300 people only 45 minutes drive from Loreto. You will be amazed by its peaceful nature, a perfect place to sit and enjoy the silence.
Once you arrive you will see the Mission San Javier on the main street as well as the only restaurant in town, The Palapa San Javier. While offing regional homemade food, including burritos de machaca of course, the restaurant is attended to by its owner, a woman who has lived in the oasis all of her life and loves to laugh and describe the interesting history of the town.
MISSION SAN JAVIER HISTORY
The Mission has a historical legacy, one that lives in the present and tells us about the arduous evangelization that took place in these lands during the time of New Spain. In Baja California Sur there are 18 missionary sites, 10 of them are still standing, and without a doubt it is history that every local and visitor should know.
The Mission San Javier settlement is located approximately 35 km south of Loreto, it is the second mission that was built during the period of evangelization, about two years after the establishment of the Mission of Our Lady of Loreto Concho. It is also the fourth in the chronology of the foundation of the Jesuit missions of the Californias. Its full name is Mission of San Francisco Javier de Viggé Biaundó.
The Mission was founded in 1699, on the lands known by the Cochimí Indians as Vigge Biaundó. On March 10 of that year the Jesuit Missionary Francisco María Piccolo, along with the company of soldiers and natives of the recently founded town of Loreto, arrived in the region, where they were well received by its inhabitants and stayed for four days. They left with the promise of returning in a short time to build a provisional chapel and rooms that would allow the missionaries to continue with the process of evangelization. Gratefully before the end of the year the construction had been completed and it was blessed by Father Juan María de Salvatierra.
In April of 1701, a character named Juan de Ugarte, whose talents in agriculture were well regarded, was entrusted with the task of immediately taking charge of the activities of the Mission of San Francisco Javier. That is how the crops of corn, wheat, sugar cane, fruit trees, beans and grapes were started. In addition, gutters and stone pools were built to facilitate irrigation and at the same time allowed to store the scarce water in the region. It was he who also introduced the breeding of domestic animals to the region.